What is kidney stone, types, symptoms and treatment

What is kidney stone, its types, symptoms and treatment

The problem of kidney stone is being seen in many people nowadays. According to a study, 15 percent of people in India have kidney stones and 50 percent of them have kidney failure. These figures are sufficient to describe the appalling state of this problem, but despite this it is unfortunate that most of the people are not fully aware of this problem. Because of this they are not able to get proper treatment for it. If they had known about it, perhaps they too would have gotten rid of this disease. If you are also deprived of this information then you must read this article.

What is kidney stone?

Kidney stones, also known as nephrolithiasis, are made up of minerals and salts that mainly form in the kidneys. This problem can occur due to many reasons and if it remains incurable for a long time, it can affect the part of the urinary tract that leads from the kidney to the bladder.


What are the types of kidney stones?

Calcium stones: Most kidney stones are calcium stones, usually in the form of calcium oxalate. Oxalate is a naturally occurring substance found in food and produced daily by the liver. Some fruits and vegetables, as well as nuts and chocolate, also contain high amounts of oxalate.


Discharge stones: Struvite stones are caused by an infection, mainly in the urinary tract. These stones can grow rapidly and become quite large.


Uric acid stones: These stones are more common in people who do not consume enough fluids or who eat a high protein diet. Uric acid stones are more common in men than women, who have more acid in their urine.


Cystine stone: However, this is a type of kidney stone, which occurs in very few people. This problem mainly occurs in people who have a genetic disorder. In the case of cystine stones, an acid called cysteine ​​seeps into the urine from the kidneys.


Why do kidney stones occur?


Nowadays it has become common to have stones in the kidney. When symptoms of stone appear, it should be treated immediately. Let us know what are the causes of having kidney stones.


One of the main reasons why drinking water in moderation is:


  • Chemical excess in urine
  • Lack of minerals in the body
  • Insufficiency of water
  • Vitamin D excess
  • Excessive consumption of junk food 

What are the symptoms of kidney stones?

Although having kidney stones causes pain, but it is accompanied by many other symptoms:


  • Pain during urination
  • Lower back, abdominal pain and cramps
  • blood in urine
  • Vomiting
  • pain while urinating
  • Frequent urination but no urination
  • Fever
  • Sweating profusely


How to treat kidney stones?

Kidney stones can be treated in many ways, the main ones being:


Home remedies: Kidney stones can also be treated with many home remedies. In this situation, by drinking plenty of water and frequent urination with it, the stones can come out through the urine.


Follow home remedies: If its symptoms are mild, then some home remedies can also treat stones. Lemon juice and olive oil can be consumed in this and the consumption of apple cider vinegar can also prove useful.


Taking medicines on time: Sometimes taking medicines can also prove to be helpful in treating kidney stones but these medicines should be taken by the doctor. These medicines stop the growth of stones in the body, so that it can be treated better.


Therapy: Taking therapy in kidney stones can also prove to be beneficial as it does not have any side effects. Despite this, people are not able to get treatment because they do not have complete information about it.


Surgery: When stone disease cannot be treated in any way, doctors recommend surgery. Kidney stone removal surgery is the most effective surgery in this situation. In this procedure, kidney stones are surgically removed.


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